Mondes Arabe, Musulman et Sémitique | avril 2011

The Body in Language

pcassuto | 30 avril, 2011 23:03

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The international conference “The Body in Language: Lexicon, Metaphor, Grammar and Culture” will be hosted at the University of Warsaw, Poland, and is organized in collaboration with the University of Cologne, Germany, on the 21 - 22 October 2011. Programme.



The research of the past decades has shown that the human body is a fascinating topic for semantic and cultural studies. For example, various body parts provide natural source domains in linguistic conceptualization. In many languages, the term for the body part back also means ‘behind’ or ‘past’; likewise, the term for face often means ‘front’ or ‘future’. Hand is typically associated with the concept of ‘help’, ‘work’ or ‘possession’, while some inner body parts (stomach, heart, liver) with emotions. How much are such patters language-specific or universal? Are body parts likely to have similar codings in various languages? In what ways different gestures and expressions are connected to and conventionalized in particular cultures? These are some of the questions we ask.
The conference will accommodate papers with descriptive, as well as theoretical perspectives with the aim of contributing to a better understanding of the linguistic categorization of the body and its parts and the role this domain plays in languages of the world. The conference will also host a special session on African languages.
Topics to be covered include:

* The coding and categorization of body parts in different languages
* Polysemy and semantic change of body part terms
* Body part terms in conceptualization of abstract concepts
* Grammaticalization of body part terms
* Metaphor and metonymy in lexical semantics of body part terms
* Expressing emotional concepts through their “embodiment”
* Cultural values associated with body part terms
* Unique syntax involving body part terms
* The use of body parts (gestures) in communication
Conference organizers: Matthias Brenziger (University of Cologne), Iwona Kraska-Szlenk (University of Warsaw)
Invited keynote speakers (in the lexicographic order):
Alexandra Aikhenvald (James Cook University, Australia), topic: Mind, body and spirit: on meanings and functions of body part terms in the languages of the Sepik area, Papua New Guinea
Jerzy Bartmiński (Maria Curie-Skłodowska University), topic: The body as source domain of the metaphorization processes
Bernd Heine (University of Cologne), topic: The human body as template in the evolution of grammar

University Press Meets Arab Revolution

pcassuto | 28 avril, 2011 23:44

http://images.barnesandnoble.com/images/97980000/97981512.JPGBy Nina Ayoub. Given the lead time in scholarly publishing, authors may find that world events overtake their topics—and even their titles. Occasionally, however, there’s a chance for a little adjustment.
Case in point. Last year, when Stanford University Press sent reviewers its catalog for Spring 2011, its list included a book entitled Strong Regime, Weak State about Mubarak’s Egypt. The book is an updated version of a 2006 study by Samer Soliman, a political scientist at the American University in Cairo and an activist who is a frequent commentator in the Egyptian media. Soliman’s English edition took its title in translation from the Arabic. Trouble was, as time drew close for the book to drop, the regime was in full wobble.
Strong Regime, Weak State became The Autumn of Dictatorship. “At the time that the protesters took to the streets in Cairo, the author was reviewing the final page proofs of the book,” says Kate Wahl, Soliman’s acquiring editor at Stanford. In an email to The Chronicle, she notes that it is “perfectly ordinary for current events to inform aspects of scholarly books.” Yet, it was “absolutely extraordinary for current events of this magnitude to overtake the publication of a book, as happened with this volume.”
“While the pace of book publishing means that we can rarely respond to immediate events, in this case, we felt there was no alternative.”
Soliman altered the preface and wrote a new epilogue in early February, his editor says, before Mubarak stepped down. “Here in the timing of his writing, you can see part of the challenge in making these sorts of additions—events were still unfolding as the author was attempting to analyze them, and as we were trying to coordinate printer’s schedules for the volume. We could not delay, but we could not anticipate what the end would be or even when that ending would occur—indeed, events are still unfolding in Egypt.”
Editorial, marketing, and the author all conferred on the title change, says Wahl, with the press ultimately taking Soliman’s suggestion. The subtitle: Fiscal Crisis and Political Change in Egypt Under Mubarak remained the same in both versions. Part of Soliman’s argument covers how Egypt’s authoritarian government experienced a decline in revenue, which in turn hindered its use of spending power as an instrument of political control.
Apart from the title and some content, the book’s cover art changed as well. That was largely a marketing decision, says Wahl. “We didn’t feel that the image on the previous version worked with the new title,” she adds. “And, with fantastic photos emerging every day from the protests, we knew that we’d have some great images to work with.”
The original image, which still lurks here and there on the Internet, depicts a  group of policemen standing around looking a little bored. On the new cover, taken from an AP photo of the protests, we see the backs of four people as they photograph the zombie-like image of a cracked bust of Mubarak, wafting on a banner.
Closing in on publication, the press also faced a problem maintaining contact with its author. Wahl notes that at the beginning of the protests, Egypt’s government disabled the Internet and cell-phone networks.
“While the story now in hindsight is about how to publish a book in response to dramatic current events,” writes Wahl, “at the time, our concern was for our author—a sincere concern for his safety, and, I’ll admit, the more pragmatic concern about whether or not we might receive the page proofs back from him. If he remained unable to contact us, without the proofs, we had no book to publish.”
“Once the communications networks were restored after about a week, everything happened very quickly, with emails flying back and forth between SUP and the author to write the new material and discuss the title and cover.”
Reached via email from Cairo, Soliman says he was “lucky to have the time to change my title.” He says he is working on a book on public space in Egypt, and “the conflict over that space between the regime and societal actors.” And what should be the role of a scholar-activist in today’s Egypt? “To put my scientific knowledge and my expertise in writing at the service of the democratic movement,” he replies. Soliman is one of the founders of the newly formed Egyptian Social Democratic Party.
As for Stanford, the revolt across the Arab world may be about to touch the press again. “In early February, writes  Wahl, “I put a manuscript on authoritarian resilience in Syria into production. Now, that author and I are watching the unfolding events closely….”

Festival de musique et contes indo-persan

h20506805 | 23 avril, 2011 19:13

Festival indo-persan
Marseille, 14-29 mai 2011
 

 
L'association Ushpizin a choisi Marseille et sa dynamique méditerranéenne interculturelle comme point d'attache à ses activités. Cette année 2011 Ushpizin s'inscrit dans les perspectives de Marseille Provence 2013 et organise le premier festival de musique et contes indo-persan à Marseille.  Ce festival, nouvelle halte sur la scène internationale, nous invite à un voyage à travers l’héritage millénaire d’une région qui s’étend de l’Afghanistan à l’Inde, de l’Asie Centrale à l’Iran. Symbole d’échanges interculturels, l’identité indo-persane est née d’un sentiment d’unité à travers la diversité. Ce désir d’universel se retrouve dans la musique, la littérature, les langues, la cuisine et les textiles qui vont nous être donné à voir, à entendre et à goûter pendant tout le mois de mai à Marseille, au cœur de la Méditerranée. Ce festival a pu voir le jour grâce au concours de la Mairie du Premier Secteur de Marseille, le Théâtre de la Ville-Paris et la fondation afghane pour la culture Khiaal, en collaboration avec la galerie Hasangam et la librairie Histoire de l’œil.
 
 
 

Nouveau blog: "Voix berbères - L'Afrique du Nord côté Amazigh"

pcassuto | 21 avril, 2011 11:29

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Pour celles et ceux qui s’intéressent à la diversité du Monde dit Arabe, je signale le blog suivant sur le site du journal Le Monde :  "Voix berbères - L'Afrique du Nord côté Amazigh" http://amazigh.blog.lemonde.fr/. Salem Chaker.
Le blog Voix berbères: l’Afrique du Nord, côté amazigh a pour but de faire connaître au lectorat francophone les enjeux liés aux questions amazighes en Afrique du Nord. Souvent occultées ou ignorées par les Etats et les grands média, les problématiques identitaires amazighes sous-tendent pourtant à des degrés divers bien des débats et des conflits secouant l’Afrique du Nord.
Si les situations socio-politiques de la Kabylie et du Mzab, du Rif et du Souss ou de l’Aïr et de l’Adghar des Iforas diffèrent parfois grandement, le fait identitaire amazigh (dans toutes ses déclinaisons) reste malgré tout le fil rouge qui les relie.
Ce blog a vocation à apporter un éclairage informé sur ce qui fait l’actualité des différents groupes amazighs, depuis Agadir sur les rives de l’Atlantique jusqu’aux eaux rares de l’oasis de Siwa, en Egypte. La parole y sera donnée, dans la mesure du possible, aux acteurs de terrain.
En espérant que ces questions vous intéresseront…bonne lecture! Yidir Plantade

L'art des manuscrits enluminés du royaume arménien de Cilicie au XIIe-XIIIe siècle et l'art des croisés

pcassuto | 21 avril, 2011 11:04

 

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Conférence du Professeur Levon Chookaszyan (Université d'Erevan) sur "L'art des manuscrits enluminés du royaume arménien de Cilicie au XIIe-XIIIe siècle et l'art des croisés", lundi 20 juin 2011 de 15h à 16h30, Aix-en-Provence, MMSH, salle 101. Présentation par Patrick Donabedian.
Le 20 juin 2011, l'Université de Provence et le Laboratoire d'Archéologie Médiévale Méditerranéenne (LAMM, UMR 6572), dans le cadre de leur coopération avec l'Université d'Etat d'Erevan, Arménie, recevront le professeur Levon Chookaszyan, chef de la chaire d'histoire de l'art de cette université.
Levon Chookaszyan donnera une conférence-projection sur le thème : "L'art des manuscrits enluminés du royaume arménien de Cilicie au XIIe-XIIIe siècle et l'art des croisés", le 20 juin 2011 de 15h à 16h30, à Aix-en-Provence, à la MMSH, salle 101.

Un enseignant de Paris 4 arrêté à Abou Dhabi

pcassuto | 21 avril, 2011 01:43

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Lecturer's Arrest in the Emirates Stirs Debate Over Academic Freedom in the Middle East.
By David L. Wheeler.
The recent detention of a Sorbonne lecturer in the United Arab Emirates has rekindled the debate over the nature of academic freedom at Western institutions in the Persian Gulf region and the political impact those institutions, especially the high-profile new campus of New York University in Abu Dhabi, will have.
The arrest of Nasser bin Ghaith, a lecturer at the Abu Dhabi branch of the University of Paris IV (Paris-Sorbonne) who has participated in the Doha Debates, a respected regional political forum, leaves observers asking what freedoms the academics working at new Western branch campuses in the emirates will enjoy. "Are professors only protected in the 90 minutes when they are giving seminars, and after that they are fair game?" asks Samer Muscati, a researcher on the United Arab Emirates for Human Rights Watch.
Human Rights Watch and the New York chapter of the American Association of University Professors have called on the New York University administration to publicly ask for the release of Mr. bin Ghaith and three other political activists who have been detained. The latest arrest occurred on Friday, according to a group known as the Gulf Discussion Forum.
"As the foreign university with the largest and most visible presence in the U.A.E., the NYU administration should speak out firmly against these violations of basic rights," said a letter signed by the leaders of the New York chapter of the American Association of University Professors, including Andrew Ross, a professor of social and cultural analysis at New York University.
Josh Taylor, a spokesman for NYU Abu Dhabi, said in an e-mail message that the administration will stay silent on the arrests. "We believe that we can have a far greater impact on creating a more informed, responsible, and just world, by creating powerful centers of ideas, discourse, and critical thinking, than by simply firing off a press release," Mr. Taylor wrote.
In the emirates, Human Rights Watch has focused on the rights of migrant laborers and freedom of expression on Saadiyat Island, the site where Abu Dhabi hopes to create a regional cultural center with branches of the Guggenheim Museum, the Louvre, and New York University "We're hoping it will be a human-rights benchmark for institutions not just in the emirates but in the gulf," said Mr. Muscati.
But Mr. Taylor says that the human-rights campaign has its sights set on an inappropriate target: "We're not sure what to make of it when an outside group tries to insist on setting a particular political agenda for an independent institution of higher learning."
Muted Dissent

Protesters have not been appearing in front of television cameras in the United Arab Emirates as they have been in many other Middle Eastern countries. But online discussion of increased political openness, wider participation in the government, and the need for economic and judiciary reforms has increased. (Political parties do not exist in the emirates, and there are no elections.) Two petitions calling for free elections and parliamentary democracy have circulated online, one in March and another one in early April, with the first one signed by 133 local academics, lawyers, and activists.
"Even though there are no protests in the streets," Mr. Muscati said, "We are seeing an unprecedented movement for reform."
The online activity is being met with crackdowns: In past months Human Rights Watch says authorities have blocked access to localnewsuae.com, a portal with articles and blog posts, and blocked access to the Facebook and Twitter pages of an emirates-focused online discussion forum, uaehewar.net.
As is often the case in the United Arab Emirates, who is doing what, and why, can be difficult to discern. Little can be found out about the detention of Mr. bin Ghaith, including whether the government has filed specific charges, what kind of due process will be followed, and if he will be allowed legal representation.
"It's very difficult to get information on this," says Mr. Muscati. "From what we understand, he is being held in Abu Dhabi and being interrogated there without a lawyer."
The 2010 human-rights report on the United Arab Emirates by the U.S. State Department, filed with Congress this month, states that "arbitrary and incommunicado detention remained a problem."
The Sorbonne's Web sites are silent about the arrest, and e-mail messages from The Chronicle to communication offices at the Paris and the Abu Dhabi campuses of the Sorbonne were not answered.
Mr. bin Ghaith has argued for a more-effective judiciary system in the emirates that could cope with corporate malpractice, with some of his criticism clearly directed toward those investors and corporations behind the financial crisis in Dubai, one of the emirates. In the Doha Debates in 2009, however, he spoke against the motion that "Dubai is a bad idea," saying that although mistakes had been made during Dubai's construction boom, a "self-correcting mechanism" was in place.
Gains vs. Losses

At New York University's home campus around Washington Square, critics of the Abu Dhabi campus said the arrests showed that the project was a mistake to begin with. "Who thought up the idea of putting a college campus full of young liberals in one of the most unstable regions of the world?" said one student commenting on an article on NYU Local, a student-run blog.
A student at the Abu Dhabi campus commenting on the same article, identified as Nicole, wrote, "The student body doesn't feel that our academic freedom is in jeopardy; however, it has made everyone more aware of the boundaries between the academic community of Abu Dhabi and the public at large."
Paulo Lemos Horta, an assistant professor of literature at the Abu Dhabi campus, said in an interview that he thought his efforts at the new campus were worthwhile and that he had not felt any difference between the freedoms he had as a professor in Abu Dhabi and those he had in his last job at Simon Fraser University, in Vancouver. "I feel like the most important thing is the work we can do within the institution," he said. "It is unclear how it would be more helpful for us to not be here than to be here. We are training a generation of students around the world in the tradition of liberal arts and academic freedom. Here they are at a coed institution, and there is no limit on what they can say."
Speaking from the Madrid airport, Mr. Horta said, "Here, people enjoy rights that they don't have in the U.S. such as gay marriage. Does that mean you don't move to the U.S. or engage in the U.S.?"
Islands of academic freedom like NYU Abu Dhabi are certainly not new in the Middle East. The American University in Cairo, established in 1919, is probably the oldest example, with its on-campus events providing a forum for political discussion that did not exist elsewhere in Egypt for many years. At the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, in Saudi Arabia, women are not required to cover themselves up and are allowed to drive, two freedoms they do not have elsewhere in the country.
In the emirates, Mr. Ross of NYU notes that "faculty and students at NYU Abu Dhabi have immeasurably more rights than longtime citizens of Abu Dhabi." Even arguments for academic freedom, he said, risk straying into illogical territory. The idea, for instance, that only academics should be protected, he says, is "not a very desirable argument for universities to be making."
He and others wonder if the free-speech rights experienced by expatriate artists and academics in Abu Dhabi will someday be enjoyed by others there. "It's good if some parts of the country have this freedom," says Mr. Muscati. "The hope is it will spread. It's not clear how."

AUTOUR DES OTTOMANS Français, Mameluks, Grecs (XIVe - XIXe siècles)

pcassuto | 20 avril, 2011 00:23

http://www.theisispress.org/books/imagesBig.php?imgfile=1301986843533.jpg&max_width=260I Français et Ottomans Aux origines des relations intellectuelles entre Français et Turcs (XVIe-XVIIIe siècles) (Colloque « Les inspirations françaises en Turquie », Université de Provence, Aix-en-Provence, 2009) Avant le capitaine français Michel Pacha (1819-1907) : histoires de naufrages en Méditerranée (Rencontre « Michel Pacha », Sanary-sur-Mer, 2007).
II Mamelouks et Ottomans
Gens du « Pays de Rûm » en Egypte mameluke sous les premiers sultans circassiens. (fin XIVe-début XVe siècles) (Table-Ronde « Mameluks, Turcs et Ottomans », Collège de France, Paris, 2008).
III Grecs et Ottomans Les ambassades monastiques byzantines auprès des souverains ottomans (Colloque « Les conventions diplomatiques dans l’orient musulman médiéval », Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Paris, 2008) Le pèlerinage de Byzance-Istanbul (« Mélanges Gilles Dorival » Université de Provence, Aix-en-Provence, 2010). D’Istanbul à Buda (Pest) : itinéraire d’un Grec ottomanophile au temps du roi de Hongrie Matthias Corvin (1458-1490) (Colloque « Matthias Corvin », Université de Cluj-Napoca, Cluj-Napoca, 2008) Un « Fou en Christ » au Concile de Florence : quelques remarques sur les «MONOXITΏNEΣ » chrétiens et musulmans au XVe siècle (Colloque «Le Concile de Florence», Université de Cluj-Napoca, Cluj-Napoca, 2009) Deux textes grecs sur l’émirat ottoman au milieu du XIVe siècle. (Mémoire inédit).
Ben Fransız ve Osmanlılar yüzyıllar) onsekizinci (onaltıncı Türklerin kökeni entelektüel ilişkiler arasında Fransız ve ("Türkiye Sempozyumu Fransız ilham" üzerinde, Provence Üniversitesi Aix-2009 en-Provence,) Paşa, önce Fransız kaptanı Michel (1819 - 1907): Akdeniz'de batık (Encounter "Michel Pacha, Sanary-sur-Mer, 2007) hikayeleri.
"Ülke Rum" Mısır'da altında Memlûk sultanları's People Osmanlılar II Memlükler ve ilk sirk.  (Geç ondördüncü ve erken onbeşinci yüzyıllar) (Yuvarlak Masa "Memlükler, Osmanlılar ve Türkler," College de France, Paris, 2008).
Osmanlılar Bizans manastır elçiliklerin Osmanlı hükümdarları ve III Yunanlılar (Sempozyumu "ortaçağ Müslüman Doğu'da diplomatik sözleşmeler," Ecole des Hautes Etudes Pratique, Paris, 2008) Üniversitesi "hac için Bizans-İstanbul (" Karışık Dorival Gilles Provence, Aix-en-Provence, 2010). Yunan ottomanophile Macaristan Kralı Matthias Corvinus (1458-1490) (Sempozyumu "Matthias Corvinus," Cluj-Napoca Üniversitesi, Cluj-Napoca, 2008) bir "Mad zaman rota: Buda (Pest) İstanbul'dan Mesih'e: MONOXITΏNEΣ "Hıristiyanlar ve Müslümanlar onbeşinci yüzyıl (Sempozyumu" Floransa, Cluj-Napoca Üniversitesi, Cluj-Napoca, 2009 yılının Konseyi) Osmanlı emirlik İki Yunan metinleri "Floransa Konseyi hakkında birkaç sözler" dördüncü yüzyılın ortasında. (Yayınlanmamış).

Έχω γαλλική και Οθωμανούς Η προέλευση των πνευματικών σχέσεων μεταξύ των γαλλικών και των Τούρκων (δέκατης έκτης με δέκατο έγδοο αιώνες) (Συμπόσιο με θέμα «Η γαλλική εμπνεύσεις στην Τουρκία", Πανεπιστήμιο της Προβηγκίας, Aix-en-Provence, 2009) πριν από τις γαλλικές καπετάνιος Michel Πασά (1819 - 1907): ιστορίες ναυάγια στη Μεσόγειο (Encounter "Michel Pacha, Sanary-sur-Mer, 2007).
II Μαμελούκους και Οθωμανούς Λαϊκό "Χώρα Rum» στην Αίγυπτο στο πλαίσιο των σουλτάνων Mamluk πρώτη τσίρκου. (Late δέκατο τέταρτο και στις αρχές του δέκατου πέμπτου αιώνα) (Στρογγυλή Τράπεζα "Μαμελούκοι, Οθωμανοί και οι Τούρκοι," College de France, Παρίσι, 2008).
III Ελλήνων και Οθωμανών βυζαντινή μοναστική πρεσβείες από την Οθωμανική άρχοντες (Συμπόσιο "Η διπλωματική συμβάσεις στη μεσαιωνική μουσουλμανική Ανατολή," Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes στο Παρίσι, 2008) Το προσκύνημα στο Βυζάντιο-Κωνσταντινούπολη («Μεικτά Gilles Dorival" Πανεπιστήμιο Provence, Aix-en-Provence, 2010). Από την Κωνσταντινούπολη προς Buda (Pest): Η διαδρομή της ελληνικής ottomanophile την εποχή του βασιλιά Matthias Corvinus της Ουγγαρίας (1458-1490) (Συμπόσιο "Matthias Corvinus,« University of Cluj-Napoca, Cluj-Napoca, 2008) Μια "Mad εν Χριστώ "στο Συμβούλιο της Φλωρεντίας: μερικές παρατηρήσεις σχετικά με" MONOXITΏNEΣ »χριστιανών και μουσουλμάνων στον δέκατο πέμπτο αιώνα (Συμπόσιο« Το Συμβούλιο της Φλωρεντίας, του Πανεπιστημίου Cluj-Napoca, Cluj-Napoca, 2009) Δύο ελληνικά κείμενα σχετικά με το εμιράτο Οθωμανική στα μέσα του δέκατου τέταρτου αιώνα. (Αδημοσίευτο).

The Origins of Islam

pcassuto | 17 avril, 2011 10:24

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The Origins of Islam:  Narratives of History and the Historiography of Narratives.

A conference at Dartmouth College, August 7-8, 2011, hosted by David S. Powers (Cornell University) and Susannah Heschel (Dartmouth College).
Program
Sunday 10-12:30. Opening Remarks: David Powers and Susannah Heschel
Tomoko Masuzawa, University of Michigan: "Islam and the Origin of Europe"
Tayeb El-Hibri, University of Massachusetts: "Biblical Narratives and Islamic History: The Elusive Continuity"
2-4. Gabriel Said Reynolds, University of Notre Dame: "The Problem with Reading the  Qur'an Chronologically"
Shari Lowin, "Earlier Doesn't Always Mean First: Midrashic Narratives and Qisas al-Anbiya (Stories of the Prophets)"
4:30-6:30. Suzanne Akbari, University of Toronto: "Exchange and the Law: Religion as Commodity in Fourteenth-century European Literature"
Ian Almond, Georgia State University: "Schlegel's Islam"
Monday 9-12
Denise Buell, Williams College: "The Historiography of Christian Origins and the Origins of Islam: Prototypes, Loaded Narratives, and Cautionary Tales"
Celine Trautmann-Waller, Paris: "Universalization of Philology? From Zunz to Goldziher"
Lawrence Conrad, Carlisle PA: "'Wonderboy':  the Childhood Formation of the Orientalist Ignaz Goldziher"
1-3 pm. Michael Pregill, Elon University: "Remaking the Legacy of Israel: Tafsir and Midrash as Imperial Literatures"
David Freidenreich, Colby College:"How Jewish are Muslims?  Conceptions of Judaism and Islam in Medieval Canon Law'
Keynote Address: Natalie Z. Davis, University of Toronto: "Rethinking Boundaries: Doing the History of Religion over Sixty Years"
This conference is made possible by generous grants from the Fannie and Alan Leslie Humanities Center and by the Dean of the Faculty, Dartmouth College. For further information, please contact Susannah. Heschel@Dartmouth.edu or dsp4@cornell.edu. To register to attend the conference, please contact Meredyth.Morley@Dartmouth.edu.

Libyan Rebels Skype With Lehigh U. Students

pcassuto | 16 avril, 2011 02:54

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By Ben Wieder. For a roomful of students, faculty, and staff at Lehigh University, the revolution was on Skype this Friday.
Libyan rebels, using the popular Web video and telephone service, spoke with the Lehigh audience for about one hour from a conference room in Benghazi, the country’s second-largest city and the center of the rebellion that has challenged the 42-year rule of Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi this spring.
A translator for the rebel army said he hoped the event would give students and faculty a clearer picture of what’s happening, which would in turn help them spread their message to a wider audience in the United States.
“This is real-time information,” said the translator, who said he did not want to give his name because his outspokenness had led Libyan-government forces to kidnap his brother, who has since been released. “Whatever is happening in the streets is actually conveyed to you.”
He said he was particularly interested in talking with the academic community because many policy makers emerge from its ranks.
“Through people like you we can actually form an idea of what we stand for in terms of values,” he said.
The meeting was arranged by Issa Hakim, a Libyan engineering graduate student at Lehigh who took a leave from his program last spring to return home and is now a volunteer in the rebel army.
John P. Coulter, a professor in the department of mechanical engineering and mechanics at Lehigh who served as Mr. Hakim’s adviser, moderated the event on Friday. In an interview, he said he and others at Lehigh had been in touch with Mr. Hakim periodically since the revolution began, in mid-February.
“We’ve all been concerned about him since this started,” the professor said.
With the help of a PowerPoint presentation, the Libyans explained why they thought it was necessary to overthrow Colonel Qaddafi, traced the path of the current revolution, and described the democratic government they would like to build if they depose him.
Arranged around a conference table and speaking in front of a banner that read “Libyan revolution highly appreciates the coalition intervention,” they thanked the United States for its help but called for ground support from NATO troops.
In response to a student question about what legacy the rebels would leave, Mr. Hakim said he hoped it would be clear that the actions of the rebels were a necessary response to years of repression under Colonel Qaddafi’s rule.
“We are not armed creeps or terrorists,” he said. “Necessity requires that we fight.”

Les révolutions vues par les profs d’arabe de l’université de Provence

pcassuto | 12 avril, 2011 21:25

 

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Par Julien VINZENT. Ils enseignent la grammaire arabe, la poésie anté-islamique ou les califats à Aix-en-Provence. Tous ont vécu dans le monde arabe et sont en contact réguliers avec ses habitants. Lundi, les profs du département des études moyen-orientales de l’université de Provence sont sortis de leurs cours, pour discuter avec leurs étudiants et quelques curieux sur les révolutions en Tunisie et en Egypte, les manifestations en Syrie ou encore à Bahreïn. « Pour nous, il y aura un avant et un après 2010. On enseignera différemment la presse, l’histoire et même la langue. Nous avons aussi devant nous 10 ans de travail pour relire ces événements à la lumière de la sociologie, de l’histoire. C’est aussi un coup de projecteur sur des études arabes au moment où elles se portent très mal, avec un Capes pas ouvert et seulement trois places d’aggrégation, j’espère que cela ouvrira l’intérêt de nos dirigeants, mais aussi des étudiants » a lancé Frédéric Imbert, prof de langue qui a enseigné au Caire.
L’insulte du jasmin

Pendant un peu plus de deux heures, ils ont en tout cas offert un regard critique sur le traitement de ces événements et sur la posture des « experts » que les médias font fleurir, préférant se borner à proposer « des axes de réflexion », a précisé Frédéric Imbert qui « comme d’autres [pensait] que le couvercle de la cocotte minute allait tenir ».
Premier rappel à l’ordre : « Le sang est toujours rouge et ne sens jamais le jasmin. Ces fleurs blanches sont une vision touristique qui insultent les arabes« , lâche-t-il. « Les Tunisiens préfèrent le terme de révolution de la dignité ou de Sidi Bouzid (la ville où Mohammed Bouazizi s’est immolé le 17 décembre, ndlr). La révolution du jasmin était la prise du pouvoir de Ben Ali », explique pour sa part Amani Rabah, elle aussi prof d’arabe. Effectivement c’était mal choisi…
Frédéric Imbert note lui que le terme intifada, « qui fait référence au dégoût, au haut le coeur » et n’a pas été employé, peut-être pour éviter la confusion avec le cas palestinien, « aurait très bien pu qualifier le point de départ de ces jeunes face à la pauvreté alors que leurs dirigeants montrent tous les signes de l’enrichissement ».
Al Jazeera avant Facebook

Sur les ferments des révolutions justement, si Internet « a fourni des outils, beaucoup plus que les réseaux sociaux ce sont les chaînes satellitaires qui ont fait mûrir en profondeur » ces sociétés, a estimé Edouard Méténier, qui enseigne la civilisation arabo-musulmane. Et de noter le « paradoxe » de ces « révolutions au pluriel » qui « s’inscrivent dans des cadres très étatiques mais dans un cadre culturel panarabe », notamment via Al Jazeera. « Ce sont les images du Tunisie qui ont allumé l’étincelle en Egypte », résume-t-il.
Avant de livrer ce deuxième rappel à l’ordre : les révolutions « c’est comme les champignons, ça ne pousse pas de rien, il y a des ramifications souterraines. Contrairement à une idée répandue, ces sociétés ne sont pas historiquement inertes ou passives face au pouvoir. Leur histoire est jalonnée d’émeutes urbaines, de révoltes rurales… » Dans le temps long, mais aussi plus récemment, comme l’a rappelé Mona Tolba, énergique prof de littérature à propos de l’Egypte : « les infos ne le suivent pas, mais il y a eu beaucoup de mouvements de révoltes avant le 25 janvier (date des plus importantes manifestations, ndlr) », assure-t-elle, évoquant des grèves dans les usines textiles ou encore chez les avocats.
Quand la peur change de camp

D’où la « surprise » de Mohammed Bakhouch, qui disserte habituellement plutôt sur la poésie : « Il y a un cycle régulier de contestation et de répression, il y a eu la révolte du pain (1984 en Tunisie, ndlr), on pensait que cette fois-ci ça allait être la même chose. Qu’est-ce qui fait que cela a pris une autre tournure ? Je pense que l’on était habitué à l’injustice, mais s’est greffé en plus le mépris. Et là, la peur avait changé de camp. Les manifestant pensaient qu’ils avaient le droit de ce qu’ils réclamaient. Après Mohammed Bouazizi, plusieurs autres se sont immolés, d’autres circulaient avec des cibles sur le corps ou se plaçaient dans des cercueils pour dire qu’ils étaient prêts à mourir pour que les choses changent. »
A un participant au débat demandant qui était derrière tout ça, tous ont d’ailleurs mis de côté la thèse de la révolution téléguidée. « Cette jeunesse qui traînait les pieds toute la journée dans les mall à regarder les vitrines, ça ne pouvait plus durer », a répondu Frédéric Imbert. « Les partis politiques n’étaient pas dans le coup. Les jeunes essayent d’ailleurs aujourd’hui de s’organiser pour peser au niveau politique », a complété Mohammed Bakchouch. Idem pour Edouard Méténier, qui a vu « une grande fraîcheur » à l’origine de ces mouvement. « Après, que dans un second temps les diplomaties voire les services secrets se mettent à l’oeuvre, j’allais dire c’est leur boulot ».
Guéant et les Frères musulmans

L’intervention de la France et de pays de l’Otan en Libye a d’ailleurs suscité des commentaires plus ou moins inspirés chez les étudiants. « Que l’on ait laissé sans aucun état d’âme le régime réprimer la contestation au Bahreïn, qui est situé face à l’Iran et où est stationné la 5e flotte américaine, et que l’on puisse s’interroger sur les motivations de certains, sans même un débat au Parlement, oui. Mais évitons les discours simplistes sur la rébellion régionaliste armée par l’Occident », a imploré Richard Jacquemond, directeur du département.
Mona Tolba ne s’est en revanche pas fait prier pour lancer un débat sensible, avec un parallèle grinçant entre « l’Islam de France » voulu par Nicolas Sarkozy et la « nationalisation, en fait la politisation, de l’islam en Arabie Saoudite, en Iran. Les Frères musulmans, comme l’UMP, instrumentalisent l’islam pour la conquête des urnes. Et ils utilisent les mêmes mots : en Egypte ils disaient récemment qu’ils se sentaient étrangers chez eux avec tous ces chrétiens ». On sait maintenant qui prépare les discours de Claude Guéant…
Mais entre la révision de la constitution egyptienne, le « désordre total » politique en Tunisie, qui compte désormais une soixantaine de partis, le « renvoi d’ascenseur » du Liban qui remercie son ancien occupant en passant des armes aux manifestants syriens, difficile de faire le tour en une seule fois. D’où l’idée d’un cycle de conférences-débats ouverts au public organisé par l’Institut méditerranéen de recherches avancées, et dont le premier a eu lieu ce mardi autour du Yémen. Evolutions à suivre donc.

Un nouvel Espace de Recherche de Documentation à la bibliothèque des Lettres et Sciences Humaines du site Schuman

pcassuto | 12 avril, 2011 00:28

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Jean-Paul Caverni, Président de l’université, Pierre Larcher, Professeur de linguistique arabe et Martine Mollet, directrice du  Service Commun de Documentation ont inauguré le 06 avril, en présence du Professeur Miquel, spécialiste de littérature arabe classique et traducteur, entre autres, des Mille et Une Nuits, un nouvel Espace de Recherche et de Documentation (ERD) consacré à son œuvre.

Fin 2009, André Miquel, professeur titulaire de la chaire de langue et littérature arabes classiques de 1976 à 1997 au Collège de France, a fait le choix de donner sa bibliothèque de travail à l’Université de Provence. C’est à Aix, à la Faculté des Lettres, qu’il avait débuté sa carrière universitaire en 1962.
Au printemps 2010, plus de 2500 volumes, des manuscrits, des archives de cours et  de conférences sont venus enrichir les collections des bibliothèques de l’Université de Provence, couvrant des domaines aussi divers que la géographie, l’histoire, l’art, la littérature, la grammaire et la linguistique arabes.
Les ERD se présentent comme un service innovant dans le monde des bibliothèques universitaires avec une attention toute particulière apportée à la mise en scène de l’espace. Le caractère exceptionnel de leur documentation en constitue un autre critère distinctif : textes inédits, manuscrits de la main de l’auteur, correspondance et œuvres critiques sont offerts, en toutes langues et sur tous supports, à la consultation des chercheurs et des étudiants avancés. Pour plus d’informations : http://www.erd-miquel.org.

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Globalising Higher Education in Middle East and Africa

pcassuto | 09 avril, 2011 11:43

http://www.qsmaple.org/images/logo.gif1st QS-MAPLE conference programme and network with international higher education leaders, 1-2 May 2011 • Sunday-Monday, Dubai Knowledge Village, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The conference theme is “Globalising Higher Education in the Middle East and Africa”.
In line with our mission to promote international partnership, QS Asia is convening the 1st QS-MAPLE with the Dubai International Academic City as our organising partner.
This annual conference offers delegates an excellent opportunity to learn and exchange best practices, network and explore global partnership and collaboration. It will also provide strategic insights into key issues in Middle East and African higher education, including:
* Creating world-class universities in the Middle East and Africa
* Balancing public needs and market demands
* Forecasting trends in regional student mobility
* Changes in university governance
* Funding of international education
* Campus internationalisation
* Management of quality assurance
* Regional perspectives to teaching and learning
* Cross-border/transnational education and international partnership
* Branding, marketing and recruitment
* Research, development and collaboration
Dedicated Conference Sessions & Activities
The event comprises these key components (click on each for more information):
Parallel sessions - featuring general and specific aspects of international higher education
Plenary sessions - with keynote addresses by leading authorities on higher education
Exhibition - showcase of leading universities and other higher education institutions from around the world
Networking buffet dinner - comprising buffet dinner, lunches and morning/afternoon breaks
The exciting parallel sessions seek to engage participants with these five tracks:
• Track 1: Managing Quality Assurance
• Track 2: Teaching and Learning: Regional Perspectives
• Track 3: Internationalising the Student Experience
• Track 4: Cross-border/Transnational Education & International Partnerships
• Track 5: Branding, Marketing & Recruitment
For more information on 1st QS-MAPLE, please visit our website at www.qsmaple.org. Please click here to download the Registration Form or click here to register online.

Appel à candidature pour postes en études arabes

pcassuto | 08 avril, 2011 21:46

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Institution: University of Oxford

UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD, Faculty of Oriental Studies, Postdoctoral Early Career Fellowship in Arabic/Islamic History (1000-1500)
Salary in the University Grade 7, £28,983 - £35,646 per annum.
The Faculty of Oriental Studies proposes to appoint a fixed-term Fellow as soon as possible for up to five years to teach Arabic/Islamic History (1000-1500) and to conduct research into any aspect of Arabic/Islamic History (1000-1500). Candidates must have a primary field of expertise in the history of Arabic/Islamic History 1000-1500 CE; the ability to teach Arabic texts; and have obtained a doctorate before the commencement of the appointment. Knowledge of an appropriate second Islamic language (e.g. Persian or Turkish) is desirable.
Further particulars, including details of how to apply, should be obtained from the University website (www.admin.ox.ac.uk/fp/) or the office of The Faculty Board Secretary, Oriental Institute, Pusey Lane, Oxford, OX1 2LE, tel. +44 1865 288200 +44 1865 288200; fax no. +44-(0)1865-278190; e-mail orient@orinst.ox.ac.uk, to whom applications and references should be sent not later than Tuesday 26 April 2011. Interviews will be held as soon as possible after the closing date. The University is an Equal Opportunities Employer. Website: http://www.ox.ac.uk.

Lectureship in Arabic Language

Hosted by the University of Massachusetts Amherst

The University of Massachusetts Amherst and The Five College Center for the Study of World Languages invite applications for a 2-year renewable lectureship in Arabic language beginning fall 2011. The successful candidate will be prepared to offer courses in elementary, intermediate and/or advanced Modern Standard Arabic using the Georgetown series. The Arabic lecturer will play a vital role in our innovative learning model that accommodates the needs of students spread among the five campuses. A strong commitment to undergraduate teaching in language is expected.
The Arabic lecturer will be a joint appointee in the Five College Arabic Program and will be based in the Department of Languages, Literatures and Cultures on the University of Massachusetts Amherst campus. Joint appointees normally teach on more than one campus. The Five College Deans appoint a director who coordinates the Five College Arabic Program. Salary is commensurate with qualifications and experience.
Qualifications: Native or near-native fluency in Arabic and English. The academic field of specialization may be Arabic languages, Middle Eastern Studies, linguistics, ESL, second language acquisition, language education, or another related field. Ph.D. preferred. Master’s degree required.
Interested candidates should send a letter of application, curriculum vitae, 3 letters of recommendation, and a personal statement outlining their philosophy of language acquisition to: University of Massachusetts Arabic Search, c/o Five Colleges, Incorporated, 97 Spring Street, Amherst, MA 01002. Electronic submissions may be sent to sharrison@fivecolleges.edu.
Review of applications will begin 15 April and will continue until the position is filled.
Five Colleges, Incorporated is the consortium comprised of Amherst, Hampshire, Mount Holyoke and Smith Colleges and the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. The five institutions are located within 11 miles of one another and about 80 miles west of Boston in the Connecticut River valley. The consortium and its member institutions are committed to fostering multicultural diversity and awareness in their faculty, staff, and student body. The University of Massachusetts is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer; applications from women and members of minority groups are encouraged.
www.fivecolleges.edu. www.umass.edu.

Institution: University of Illinois - Department of Linguistics

Arabic: The Department of Linguistics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign invites applications for a Lecturer/Instructor in Arabic in its Languages Program, with a target start date of August 16, 2011. Deadline: April 15, 2011. For complete details, see http://www.linguistics.illinois.edu. The U of I is an AA-EOE. http://www.inclusiveillinois.illinois.edu.
Institution: The University of Mississippi
Arabic: The Department of Modern Languages at The University of Mississippi is seeking a full-time (12-month appointment) Instructor for its intensive Arabic program beginning June 1, 2011. The instructor will teach all levels of Arabic following the program's curriculum and guidelines. Candidates must demonstrate substantial training and experience in teaching Arabic to American university students, as well as work in second language acquisition. M.A. degree or equivalent in Arabic or second language acquisition and native or near-native proficiency in Arabic are required. This position may be renewable pending continued funding and positive evaluations. Visit https://jobs.olemiss.edu/ to complete an application and upload your resume and names and contact information for three references. Review of applications begins immediately and will continue until the position is filled or an adequate applicant pool is established. The University of Mississippi is an EEO/AA/Title VI/Title IX/Section 504/ADA/ADEA employer.

Institution: Oakland University

Arabic: Oakland University invites applications for a full-time, non-tenure track Assistant Professor of Arabic to start Fall 2011. Ph.D. in Arabic and/or related field should be completed by August 15, 2011. ABD candidates, close to finishing, will be considered. Native or near-native fluency. Evidence of strong teaching ability, including the use of instructional technology. Teaching duties to include all levels of Arabic for the Department of Modern Languages and Literatures and an occasional course in Middle East culture and/or Islamic studies. Position to include administrative duties overseeing the Islamic Studies Program (currently an undergraduate minor), which is part of the Religious Studies concentration. This initial full-time adjunct appointment is for two years; subsequent multiple year appointments are anticipated. Send cover letter, C.V., transcripts and three letters of recommendation, all in hard copy to: Professor Seigo Nakao, Department of Modern Languages and Literatures, Oakland University, Rochester, MI 48309-4486. Consideration of applications begins April 15, 2011, and continues until the position is filled.

Institution: Bard College
The Division of Languages & Literature at Bard College invites applications for a Visiting Assistant Professor of Arabic for the academic year 2011-2012, to teach a 3-3 course load, including Intermediate Arabic; Advanced Arabic; and one section each semester in the Bard First-Year Seminar. The successful applicant must hold a Ph.D. or be ABD. Native or near-native proficiency in Arabic and English is required. The candidate must have demonstrated excellence in and enthusiasm for the communicative teaching of language, and a commitment to the Liberal Arts.
Bard’s growing faculty in Middle Eastern studies on the Annandale campus reflects the College’s commitment to scholarly inquiry and undergraduate teaching in the region. It stands as a complement to Bard’s partnership with Al-Quds University through the Honors College for Liberal Arts and Sciences, located in East Jerusalem.
Please send letter of application, C.V., three letters of recommendation, teaching portfolio and an article-length scholarly writing sample to Professor Elizabeth Holt by email only to hr11013@bard.edu. Review to begin immediately until position filled. Bard College is an equal opportunity employer and we welcome applications from those who contribute to our diversity.

Institution: Bethlehem University
Bethlehem University in the Holy Land seeks an accomplished and dynamic professional for the position of Executive Vice President
Bethlehem University in Palestine is a Catholic, Christian coeducational institution of higher learning founded in 1973 in the Lasallian tradition, open to students of all faith traditions. While providing quality higher education, it is an oasis of peace and a beacon of hope for the people of Palestine.
Bethlehem University seeks applications for this senior administrative position which reports to, assists, and represents the Vice Chancellor (CEO) in advancing Bethlehem University. Individuals applying need an earned doctorate and an outstanding record of professional accomplishments; fluency in spoken and written Arabic and English; a track record of leadership and working effectively with people at various levels in an organization; credentials that would warrant appointment to the position of Executive Vice President.
For a description of the position and for application, go to: www.bethlehem.edu/evpjob. Confidentiality of applications will be preserved. The preferred date to begin is 15 August 2011.

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